Variations for We Love All Our People Activity:
- Accommodate Physical Ability- Follow the given directions but instead of standing, each participant to which the prompt applies, could move forward one or two feet or raise his or her hand for 10 seconds.
Variations for the Fishbowl Activity:
- The “Tap” System- Members sitting on the outside of the fishbowl can gently tap a member on the inside, indicating that they should switch roles.
- The Opposing Dialogue Fishbowl- This form of discussion can be utilized when there are two distinct positions or arguments. The goal of this technique is for one group to gain insight from another perspective by having an opportunity to listen and formulate questions. Each group has an opportunity to discuss the issue while the other group observes. Afterwards, allow each group the opportunity to discuss their questions and ideas with participants representing the other side of the argument.
- The Multiple Perspective (View Bending) Fishbowl- This format allows the group to look at a question from various perspectives. First, assign each group a new perspective in which, to view the previously posed question (Viewpoints could include: historical figures, characters in a novel, social categories, or political/philosophical points). Each group then discusses the same question, event or text representing their assigned perspective. The goal of this technique is for participants to consider how perspective shapes meaning. After all groups have shared, give the opportunity for the group as a whole to discuss their ideas and questions with peers from other groups.
- Post-Activity Analysis: It can be extremely effective to ask audience members to pay attention to how positive discussion tactics are followed by recording specific aspects of the discussion process such as the number of interruptions, respectful or disrespectful language used, or speaking times. (Who is speaking the most? The least?)